The peer-to-peer (P2P) lending space in the UK has grown to exponential heights in recent years – with more than £6.1 billion funded in 2018 alone. This makes sense when you consider just how low UK high street interest rates are, with savers fortunate to get anything above 2% these days.
With that being said, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) – the UK-s chief financial watchdog, recently noted that it is looking to tighten its grip on P2P sites. Crucially, this centers on the amount that retail investors can inject into P2P loans in relation to their total invested assets.
Nevertheless, with dozens of leading UK P2P sites now active in the market, knowing which platform to invest with can be challenging. For example, while some focus on real estate financing, others target the consumer loan space.
In this article, I explore some of the best UK P2P lending sites of 2020. I’ll unravel the good and bad points of each platform, subsequently allowing you to make an informed decision as to which site is right for you.
UK P2P Lending Sites: The Current State of Play
Before I delve into my selected P2P sites, let’s have a quick look at the current state of play in the UK space. First and foremost, the industry is now regulated by the UK’s FCA. The regulator incorporated the P2P space into its remit to help protect investors from large losses. As a result, there is now a cap on how much UK residents can inject into P2P loans.
This stands at 10% of the individual’s invested assets. For example, you have £100,000 invested across a balanced portfolio of stocks and shares, indices, and bonds – only £10,000 of this figure can be invested with a P2P loan. The only exception to this rule is if the individual has received advice from a registered financial advisor.
Additional regulations also exist. At the forefront of this is a responsibility for P2P lending sites to provide clear and concise information on the risks associated with P2P loans. More specifically, UK investors are required to answer a number of questions regarding their prior experience of investing in crowdfunding sites, as well as to test their knowledge of the risks.
However, it is important to note that P2P loans are not covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) scheme. As such, were the platform to cease trading, you could lose your entire investment. In terms of the fundamentals, I often find that UK P2P sites come with less attractive yields in comparison to those based on mainland Europe.
This is likely due to increased regulatory scrutiny from the FCA, insofar that P2P sites must perform enhanced due diligence on who they facilitate loans for.
P2P Site Criteria
So now that you have a bit of background on the current state of play in the UK P2P lending space, I am now going to run through some of the key requirements that I looked for when compiling my list of sites.
- Reputation: A good starting point is to assess the overall reputation of the P2P site in question. This includes the year that the platform was launched, and whether or nor the site is owned by a parent company. Moreover, I also explore the general consensus in the public domain by looking at customer reviews and ratings.
- Types of Loans: Just as importantly, I also explore the types of loans that the P2P site facilitates. The UK space is vast in this respect. For example, while some platforms focus on real estate financing, others target the business loan arena.
- Yields: If you’re here reading my article, then it’s likely that you’re looking to make attractive yields on your investment through a P2P site. As such, not only do I look at the average annualized yield as stated by the platform itself, but I’ll also browse through individual loans currently listed for funding.
- Terms: It is also important for me to explore what sort of loan terms the site typically funds. For example, while some of you might be looking for long-term investments of 3+ years, others might not want to have their funds locked away for more than a few months.
- Early Exit: Leading on from the above point on loan terms, it’s also important to understand whether or not he platform offers the option to exit an investment early. At the forefront of this is the presence of a secondary market.
- Buyback Guarantee: More and more P2P sites active in the space are implementing that all-important Buyback Guarantee. This is where either the platform or underlying originator will purchase the loan from you if the end-borrower defaults.
- Fees and Minimum Deposits: When it comes to the financials, it’s important to understand how much it is going to cost you to invest. While some platforms charge a pre-investment fee, others make their money by charging the borrower. Moreover, I’ll also explore what the minimum investment amount is.
- Auto-Invest: Finally, I am also keen to look at whether or not the platform offers an auto-invest feature, or if everything needs to be done on a DIY basis. If it does, this makes it easier to re-invest your gains and enjoy compound interest.
Best UK P2P Sites of 2020
So, without further ado, below I have listed my top-rated UK P2P sites of 2020. Take note, you are advised to perform your own research prior to joining a platform, as this will ensure it meets your long-term investment goals.
ZOPA – UK Consumer Loans – 3.4% to 6% Yield
- First P2P site globally
- Personal loans to UK consumers of between £1,000-25,000
- Terms of between 1-5 years
- Annual yield of 3.4% -6%
- Minimum deposit £1,000 (£10 per loan)
If you’re looking to gain exposure to the UK consumer loan space, it might be worth exploring Zopa. Launched way back in 2005, this makes Zopa the longest-standing P2P site globally. In a nutshell, the platform facilitates personal loans for UK lenders. Loans start at £1,000, up to a maximum of £25,000 – and terms range from 1-5 years. Since the platform was launched, it has facilitated more than £5 billion worth of loans to over 470,000 UK consumers. In return, investors have netted a rather tidy £280 million in interest payments.
What you will notice when you first head over to the Zopa website is that it is crystal-clear on what it offers. This includes everything from yields, to risks, to minimum investments. So, you will need to deposit at least £1,000 to get started, although you can invest just £10 per loan. As such, your £1,000 investment would allow you to diversify across 100 different loans. When it comes to vetting borrowers, Zopa has a strict set of guidelines that it follows.
Read More: Check out my article on how to diversify when investing in P2P loans.
Crucially, borrowers must be UK residents, have a good track record of repaying debt, and have at least three years of UK address history. 80% of applicants are turned down. Those that do make the cut will be given a risk assessment grade – which it ranks from A* to E. In terms of yields, this depends on the account type that you opt for. Zopa Core – which focuses on loan grades of between A* and C, yields an average return of 3.4%-5%.
For those of you with a slightly higher appetite for risk, Zopa Plus offers returns of between 4%-6%. However, your loans will also include borrowers with grades D and E. Finally, Zopa allows you to exit a loan agreement early by paying a small fee. This amounts to 1% of the total investment amount, so if you injected £1,500 – you’ll lose £150.
Funding Circle – UK Business Loans – 4.3% to 6% Yield
- Specializes exclusively in business loans
- Annualized return of 4.%3-6%
- £6.2 billion in funding since 2010
- Minimum investment £1,000
- Offers an ISA-compatible account for tax-free earnings
Launched in 2010, Lending Circle is a UK-based P2P site that specializes in business loans. Since the platform’s inception a mere decade ago, Funding Circle has facilitated more than £6.2 billion in loans, which it claims, resulted in the creation of 72,000 jobs in 2018 alone. The businesses that use Funding Circle are of medium size, with at least 9 years of trading history. It doesn’t accept startups, and borrowers have an average turnover of £800,000.
Much like in the case of Zopa, you will be required to invest at least £1,000 at Funding Circle. This allows you to invest in 100 different loans at £10 each, so you’ll be well diversified. As and when your monthly repayments come in, you will have the option of reinvesting them automatically. This allows you to enjoy the fruits of compound interest.
You will always have the option of withdrawing your investment if you need access to cash, albeit, the platform will charge you 1.25% for the pleasure. I think this is a reasonable price to pay to keep your investment liquid. When it comes to yields, this depends on whether you opt for the Balanced plan or Conversative plan. The former pays a projected annualized return of between 4.5%-6%. If you want to reduce your exposure to risk, the Conservative plan pays between 4.3%-4.7% annually.
If a business was to default on their loan, Funding Circle would manage the entire collection process on your behalf. If this is successful, you’ll receive your share of the proceeds accordingly. What I also like about Funding Circle is that it allows you to inject your investments into an ISA account. This allows you to shield some of your capital gains from tax, so it’s well worth considering.
Ratesetter – Various UK Loan Types From £10 – 3% to 4% Yield
- Personal loans, dealer finance, property finance
- Annualized return of 3%-4%
- £3.6 billion in funding since 2010
- Invest from just £10 via debit card, bank transfer, or direct debit
- Reserve Fund to cover poorly performing loans
- Early exit (fee may be applicable)
Ratesetter is a P2P site that facilitates a range of consumer loan types. This includes personal loans, dealer finance, and property finance – all of which goes to the UK marketplace. Since its inception in 2010, Ratesetter has facilitated more than £3.6 billion in loans across 84,000 individual investors. This has resulted in more than £148 million in earned interest to date. What sets Ratesetter apart from the above P2P sites I have discussed thus far is that it allows you to get started with a minimum deposit of just £10.
This is great if you want to get to grips with how P2P platforms work before depositing more. The platform also offers flexibility in the payments department, giving you the choice of a bank transfer, debit card, or a monthly direct debit. Ratesetter offers three main account types with come with varying annualized yields. The Access account pays 3% per year, while the Plus pays 3.5%. The Max account pays the highest yield at 4%.
Although Ratesetter offers an early exit feature, it notes that there is no guarantee that there will be sufficient liquidity on the site to facilitate this. With that being said, all buyers have been successful in cashing out in less than 24 hours since its inception, which is a good sign. However, fees might apply depending on your account type. While there is no early exit fee with the Access account, the Plus and Max plans charge 30 days and 90 days worth of interest, respectively. As you can see, the yield of your chosen plan correlates to the conditions of cashing out early.
Ratesetter diversifies your investment automatically by backing hundreds of different loans. You can keep on re-investing your payments as and when they arrive through the auto-invest feature. Finally, the platform offers its RateSetter Provision Fund as a safeguard against poor performing loans. It does so by taking a small percentage of the fees it charges to borrowers and placing it into the reserve fund.
CapitalRise – Loans to the UK Property Development Space – 8% to 12% Yield
- Specializes in loans to the UK property development space
- Annualized return of 8-12%
- Financing is structured as senior loans or mezzanine loans
- Minimum investment £1,000
- Early exit possible at a fee of 1%
Launched as recently as 2016, CapitalRise is an online P2P site that specializes in property developer loans. This is where developers borrow funds to help pay for the purchase of land and other building costs. In return, developers pay interest on the loan funds obtained from CapitalRise. The platform has originated over £54 million in loans since its inception, amounting to £380 million in property value. This is small-fry in comparison to the likes of Zopa and RateSetter.
The site notes that it is an “introducer appointed representative” of Prosper Capital LLP, which in turn is authorized and regulated by the FCA. In terms of the investment process, CapitalRise will personally review and vet loan applications. If the developer passes the team’s due diligence process, the funding opportunity will then make it’s way to the CapitalRise platform.
The structure of the financing agreement will either come in the form of a senior loan or mezzanine loan. You are best advised to explore how these two loan agreements work, as it relates directly to the underlying risks. You can get started with a minimum investment of £1,000. Returns will vary depending on the structure of the loan, although this typically averages 8-12%.
This is much higher than the other P2P platforms I have discussed thus far, albeit, this mirrors the increased risks of lending to the property development space. CapitalRise also offers a secondary marketplace, so there’s always the option of exiting your investment early. It notes that to date, 100% of deals have found a buyer on the secondary marketplace, taking an average of 6 days. Take note, you will be charged a fee of 1% if you wish to exit your investment before it matures.
BridgeCrowd – Bridge Loans Secured by UK Real Estate – 8% to 12% Yield
- Bridge loans to firms operating in the UK real estate space
- Annualized return of 8-12%
- Financing is secured against the property
- Minimum starting balance of £5,000
- £2,500 minimum per loan
- Secondary marketplace supported
As the name suggests, BridgeCrowd is a P2P platform that specializes in bridge loans. The loans are secured by UK properties, and the end-borrower typically requires the funds for one of three reasons. This is either to fund a new property purchase (where short-term cash flow is not sufficient); to fund the refurbishment of a property for resale; or raise funds for a business-related purpose against the value of the underlying property.
As such, all of the bridge loans are secured by the underlying property that the loan relates to. In terms of the specifics, BridgeCrowd requires a minimum starting balance of £5,000. This is quite high for a P2P platform, so this might put some of you off if you’re looking to invest smaller amounts. You also need to make some considerations regarding the reinvestment of your interest.
This is because you are required to inject a minimum of £2,500 per loan. As such, you’re likely to experience opportunity costs if the funds are left idle in your cash account. I should also mention that the number of funding opportunities are still relatively thin at CrowdBridge. This limits your ability to diversify across multiple projects, even if you were happy to invest larger amounts.
When it comes to yields, this will vary depending on the investment, although they typically average 8-12%. Finally, BridgeCrowd offers that all-important secondary marketplace. If you do want to exit your investment early, there is no guarantee that a buyer will take on the loan. With that said, BridgeCrowd notes that resales after usually completed in less than 24 hours.
Assetz Capital – Secured P2P Business Loans to SMEs – 4.1% to 12% Yield
- Business loans to small and medium UK companies
- Automated plans offering yields of between 4.1% and 5.10%
- Manual investments can yield up to 12%
- Invest from just £1 per funding opportunity
- Secondary marketplace supported
- More than £1 billion in loans funded since 2013
Launched in 2013, Assetz Capital is a UK-based P2P platform that facilitates business loans to SMEs (small and medium enterprises). Since its inception, the platform has loaned more than £1 billion to UK businesses. This has resulted in £113 million worth of gross interest for its 38,000+ investors. Assetz Capital offers an interesting investment process, not least because you can choose from multiple pre-packaged plans.
There are three automated plans and the one you choose will depend on how liquid you want your investment to be. For example, if you want access to cash “almost” immediately, you’ll earn a target rate of 4.10%. This increases to 5.10% and 5.75% if you are prepared to give 30 days and 90 days notice, respectively. It is important to note that access to your cash once the notice period has been given is not 100% guaranteed.
The platform explains that investors could face delays outside of “normal market conditions”, which in itself is somewhat of a broad term. With that said – due to the ongoing Coronavirus pandemic, Assetz Capital notes on its homepage that withdrawals are currently being delayed and that a queuing system is in place.
Moving on, if you want to take a more hands-on approach to investing – or you simply want to chase higher yields, the manual account let you pick which loans you invest in. The platform lists a target yield of between 4.5% and 12%, so the amount you earn will depend on how much risk you want to take. Assetz Capital also offers a secondary marketplace for those of you on the manual account. Finally, I really like the fact that the P2P site allows you to invest just £1 per loan opportunity. This allows you to diversify across heaps of different loan structures and thus – reduce your exposure to a default.
In summary, the UK peer-to-peer lending space is as diverse as any. There are heaps of platforms to choose from across several investment types. Whether it’s real estate loans, bridge loans, consumer loans, or traditional SME business loans – you’ll likely find a platform that best meets your needs.
A common denominator with UK P2P sites is that minimum investment amounts seem to be much higher in comparison to those based in mainland Europe. For example, a lot of sites require at least £1,000 to get started, which might be more than some of you feel comfortable investing.
It is also important to note that P2P platforms based in the UK typically reserve their services to UK investors only. Moreover, platforms must be regulated by the FCA, which in itself comes with additional responsibilities. At the forefront of this is a maximum investment amount of no more than 10% of your total invested assets. The FCA also forces platforms to be crystal clear on the risks of investing in P2P loans, which is good.
Which platforms have you invested in? What has your experience been so far?
Bonus: Mega list of worldwide investment platforms
Use the table below to find many other worldwide investment platforms that you can check out. Many of them are based in the US but accept international investors.