Thinking of buying a new car VS a used one? In many countries, you now have the option to buy officially reconditioned used cars that may be less than a year old and in superb condition, practically like new. In any case, the biggest con of buying a new car is the depreciation you will be hit with as soon as you walk out of the dealer with the car keys in your hand.
Let’s take a look at some statistics on how cars depreciate. Keep in mind that some models and brands depreciate less than others. For example, Audi and Mercedes cars keep their value much more over the years than, say Opel and Citroen cars.
If you buy a new car, it will devalue around 17% in its first year of use. From then onwards, it depreciates around 10% a year during the first six years of its lifetime. Following this period, cars will depreciate at around 5% per year, and from the 9th year onwards the change in value is very little since the car would have already lost 84% of its value.
Some cars, especially luxury ones, tend to devalue more rapidly. The Volvo S80 will loses 32,6% of its value in the first year, while the Mini Cooper loses 29,3%.
If you want to retain the maximum value when buying a new car, you need to consider which cars are most popular, including colors, type of fuel used, extras etc. In Spain, the cars that used to retain value best were diesel compact cars. This has changed though as in the coming years as many European capital cities are implementing circulation restrictions on diesel cars and want to eliminate them completely in the near future.
Basically, you should avoid diesel cars like the plague unless you have a very specific use case.
Apart from the fact that nobody wants diesel cars anymore and the value will drop significantly, these cars harm people and it’s just not worth the harm to humans for saving some money. If you’re not yet very familiar with how the public has been duped about “clean diesel” for many years, watch this documentary:
You can calculate the value of a used car in Spain using the Supertasador tool.
If you’re looking to buy or sell a car in Spain, these are the best web portals to look at:
Keep in mind that certain towns also have a used cars market on a regular basis, and cities like Barcelona have a yearly used car fair. They are good occasions to try out many different cars and see which ones you like best. If you’re just starting your search for a car and you’re not sure which one you like best, this can be a huge time saver.
If you want an experience that comes very close to buying a new car, you can visit the major brands’ used cars showrooms. These cars would have been given a thorough cleaning and sprucing up and are guaranteed by the manufacturer. They are typically cars that have been previously used by car rental companies or management and would have up to 20,000km on the clock. It is quite common to find the latest models on sale, so you’re effectively getting the latest model at a significant discount. Keep in mind that car rental companies tend to stick to particular brands and models of cars, so while you will find lots of Audis, BMWs, and VWs, the offer for Mazdas will be scarce since they don’t tend to be used by car rental companies.
Should You Even Buy a Car?
In the major Spanish cities like Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia, owning a car is not common, as people are realizing that it makes much more financial sense to use car-sharing services like Bluemove and Avancar instead. I’ve written a separate article about carsharing services in Barcelona which I suggest you check out if you’re not 100% sure that you need a car.
New standard car VS used premium car
Another consideration is whether to buy a new car VS a similar car in the premium category in a used state. Some examples could be a new Seat Ateca vs a used (20k on the odometer) BMW X1 or Audi Q5. When buying a new car you get the car in a perfect state, with a longer guarantee, and you can configure it exactly the way you want to. You will also probably have fewer maintenance costs and the latest technology.
On the other hand, you will be hit with strong depreciation and perhaps you won’t impress that many people. With regards to a used luxury car, the points in favor are lower depreciation, better aesthetics, and less risk in the sense that the car has already been in the market for some time and kinks ironed out. You will also know if that particular model had a significant flaw or not. On the negative side, maintenance costs will be higher, technology will be older, worse fuel efficiency, and a shorter warranty period.
Car cost breakdown
Buying a car brings with it a yearly bill even if you don’t use the car at all. Here’s the typical breakdown of costs on a yearly basis for moderate to regular use, assuming a new or fairly new car:
- Depreciation – 45%
- Fuel – 28%
- Maintenance and repairs – 13%
- Insurance – 8%
- Tyres – 6%
Most reliable cars
One of the most unexpected costs can be that of maintenance and repairs that have nothing to do with accidents but a lot to do with the construction quality of the car and its engine/accessories.
Here are the most reliable cars in each category, according to one of the most recent surveys:
- Compacts – BMW Series 1
- Medium – Volvo S60
- Premium – Audi A6
- SUV – Audi Q5
- Sports – Audi TT
Guide to buying a used car in Spain
If you want to buy a used car in Spain, you have several options, and it’s getting more convenient every year. You can go the traditional route and visit a used cars dealer or even buy from individuals. This is perhaps the preferred way of buying if you know how to haggle and know how to check a car properly. It’s also the riskiest way of buying a car as many cars have their odometers tampered with and harbor hidden issues that the vendor won’t tell you about.
Another option is to go to an authorized brand showroom. For example, you will find Audi dealers that sell both new and used cars. These dealers can’t afford to ruin their reputation by tampering with the cars’ odometers, and they also perform a standard refurbishing procedure.
Vehicles purchased from these dealers tend to come with more information, such as the previous use of the vehicle (typically rental or management personnel). They also don’t sell vehicles which have been involved in accidents, as these are sent back directly to the manufacturer. The reason is of course that these cars are more likely to develop serious issues down the road and possibly harm the reputation of the dealer and the parent brand.
Note that going for this option of buying cars will be around 1,000 to 3,000 euro more expensive than buying the car from an individual. Of course, if you buy from an individual, you don’t get any warranties nor the peace of mind that the car has been refurbished before being sold on to you.
The most modern option is to buy online. I know this might sound strange, but there are some new startups that are trying to change the way we buy used cars. By operating purely online and having no showroom and salespeople, they are able to pass on the cost savings to the customer, thus they can offer the best prices without the need for haggling. I personally hate the process of haggling with a salesperson, and always come out of such deals feeling that I made a bad deal. Thus I am more inclined to use one of these websites when buying a car.
The main two online used car sites in Spain are Clicars and Webycar. Both these sites also offer a very convenient way to sell your car. You only need to enter some details about your car and upload photos and these guys will send one of their people to your house to inspect the car and make you an offer. If you accept, they will come to your house and collect the car, which makes it an incredibly convenient service. They also take care of all paperwork involved. They buy cars that have a full service history, have not been involved in any serious accidents, are less than 10 years old and have less than 150,000km on their clocks. Of these two sites, Clicars is the most established and its growing very rapidly.
According to Clicars, more than 79% of their clients reserve the vehicle without having seen it in real life. That’s why they need to be very transparent with their offer. They employ a rigorous check of 230 points and also have excellent customer support.
When buying a car from this website, you get a trial period of 15 days or 1000 kilometers, whichever comes first. If the client is not satisfied, Clicars will return all the money. That’s an awesome offer and gives a lot of peace of mind when buying in this manner. Webycar offer similar conditions (10 days / 1000km). If you prefer to view the car before buying, you can also visit Clicars in Madrid and check out some cars there. You only need to contact them beforehand to set up an appointment.
Valuecar is another newer service that aims to eventually compete with these two big players.
Types of Second Hand Cars on the market
In Spain you will find different types of second-hand cars, so here’s a handy breakdown of these types.
- KM 0: All car showrooms in Spain register a few vehicles which they then sell after a couple of months as “KM 0”. Prices are advertised as a lot lower than brand new, but you should check just in case. Contrary to what their name suggests, KM 0 cars have actually been used, for example for test drives, but they tend to have a lower number of km on the clock than ex-rental cars. On the plus-side, these cars will still (normally) be covered by the manufacturer’s warranty.
- Ex-rental cars: These cars must pass the official vehicle inspection (ITV) 2 years after purchase instead of the usual 4 years for a new car. Many people don’t know this and it can invalidate your insurance if you have to make a claim and the car hasn’t passed the ITV. If the car is under two years old, it will have to pass the ITV for you to be able to put it in your name. This may also apply to KM 0 cars too, it depends on how they were originally registered.
Used cars offered by dealers must include, as a minimum, the following details:
- Price and validity (must be valid for at least 10 days).
- Owner’s details.
- Brand, model, cc, chassis number and license plate.
- Age, km and last service details.
- ITV (official vehicle inspection): date and test result. Also, any additional ITV tests if the vehicle has been involved in an accident or has been significantly modified/tuned.
- Date vehicle purchased by the seller.
- Warranty (legal and commercial – they may differ). The minimum warranty is 1 year.
- Any outstanding debts or charges.
Buying from a dealer could mean you get a discount if you trade in your old car, also this is rarely a good deal and you’re much better off selling the car yourself if you have the time for it. Also, keep in mind that many offers you see online assume you will be financing the car. The price for settling the bill without any financing tends to be around 1,000 to 2,000 euro higher.
How much can you save?
Let’s consider an example of buying a premium used car that’s almost new. The Audi A3 pictured below is being sold by a dealer for the price of 29,900 euro. If you configure the same car on the Audi website it costs around 36,000 euro, which implies a saving of around 6,000 euro when buying used. The car only has 1,000km on its odometer.
This particular car has been for sale since September, and I’m writing this post in January, so it’s been at the showroom for at least 4 months. My guess is that since it’s a premium class car, it’s tougher to sell.
In my opinion, if this is the car you are looking for, it makes a lot of sense to buy used and save 17% of the cost of the car. It’s the latest model of the Audi A3, so you’re not even getting an older model. In my mind, it would be very hard for me to justify buying new when I’d have the opportunity to get this car.
The biggest issue I’ve found in my search is that most cars tend to be diesel and not petrol. This is due to the fact that the Spanish nation had been duped for many years into buying diesel, so, for now, there’s nothing to be done about that. We have a big pool of older cars that their owners feel like replacing, so those go on the second-hand market, and they’re mostly diesel. On top of that, dealers have realized that the public does not want diesel cars anymore, so they’re trying their best to sell their new and demo car stock at significant discounts. They don’t need to do that for petrol cars as they are in high demand.
In the coming years, I hope that this will start to change. Another issue is that there typically are only a few colors available. The most common colors are white and black, followed by silver, light grey, red and blue. The white and black cars are by far the most common though, so for every 100 cars, I would say 80 of them would be either black or white, with the other 20 cars being one of the other colors I mentioned.
Every car has a set of different trim levels. In this case, the Audi A3 is sold in four different trim levels in Spain. They’re Standard, Design, Sport, S Line, and Black. I personally strongly prefer the S Line and Black trims, however, most of the cars available on the second-hand market are the standard model or come with the Design trim. So that’s another limitation to consider when searching for a used car. You’ll either have to wait until the model you like becomes available (if ever) or adapt your wants to what the market is offering.
Savings on a KM0 car, when compared to new, should be in the range of 17-25%, depending on the car and how many KM it has on the clock.
Paperwork and taxes
When buying a second-hand car in Spain from a dealer you’ll have to pay sales tax (IVA – included in the price).
If buying from a private seller you’ll have to pay the Impuesto de Transmisiones Patrimoniales. This tax will be calculated on the official value placed on the car (make, model, age) and NOT the selling price. Most regions in Spain have an online tax calculator, here’s the one for Catalunya.
As for the paperwork, buying from a company means they’ll deal with it directly. Otherwise, you’ll be responsible for the paperwork for changing the vehicle over to your name.
When dealing with a private seller always draw up a contract, even if you’re buying from a friend.
Keep all documents until you sell or scrap the car.
It’s usually recommended to get full/comprehensive insurance on new or semi-new cars and third-party coverage for cars that are more than 4-5 years old, since by then they would have lost almost half their value. You can find the best deals on comparison sites such as Rastreator, Acierto or Rankia. You can also use the Coverfy app to get great deals on insurance. You can check out my post on car insurance in Spain for more details.
Gas Stations in Spain
The quality of fuel available at gas stations around Spain is known to vary depending on the additives that each company uses. There are also two types of petrol available: 95 and 98. The latter is more expensive and usually results in less engine clatter as well as better performance. People also report that fuel from different gas stations can affect the car’s autonomy by up to 20km.
My favorite gas station is Repsol. You can use this tool to find the cheapest fuel nearby.
Diesel VS Petrol
The Spanish government, after promoting the sale of diesel vehicles for many years, has now decided to wage war on diesel. Unless you absolutely need it, I would highly discourage you from purchasing a diesel-powered vehicle.
Only purchase such vehicles if you’re doing 80% of highway driving and doing more than 20-30 thousand kilometers per year. Even then, I would honestly think twice, since the price of diesel is almost as high as petrol and diesel vehicles are soon to be banned from the major European cities. Another reason for buying diesel would be if you need to tow something regularly (boat, caravan etc.) as that type of engine is more suitable for this work due to the torque it can generate.
Due to the impending issues with diesel, you can find some incredible deals for diesel vehicles, and you have much more leeway for negotiating with the salesmen.
It’s best to avoid automatic car washes as they mess up the paintwork. If you absolutely must use them, use the ones that have chamois leather rolls instead of the typical bristles. In Barcelona I found Hanna to be a good option. I use Auto Glym products for the exterior and interior cleaning of my car, as they are considered to be among the very best. You pay a premium price but you get peace of mind that you’re using the best products on your car.
If you still want to buy a new car, I found the Carnovo site to be really useful. Instead of you having to visit various dealers and haggle with them until you get the best offer, you can do all that from the comfort of your living room.
Carnovo allows you to select and configure the car you want, then receive offers from various dealerships, who will generally give you a discount on the sticker price of between 7-15%. This is very much comparable to what you would get if you had to haggle with them at the showroom. For people like me who hate these kinds of silly negotiations, this is a perfect solution to this inconvenience when buying a new car.
Make sure you check out my post about how to negotiate the best price on a new car in Spain.
In conclusion, if I were looking for a family SUV I would definitely go for KM0 and buy a quality car such as the BMW X1. Buying KM0 means you’re getting a practically new car so there are no issues of hidden defects and damages. You’re just as safe as when buying a new car, and you don’t have to think forever about which extras to choose because that choice is done already.
On the other hand, if I wanted a coupe or sports car I would most definitely buy a used model, perhaps around 10 years old. You can get a quality car such as an Audi TT at a great price when you follow this strategy. I would only buy an older car if it is a sports car, and the reason is that sports cars tend to be well cared for and always garaged, which means less wear and tear and damage. Manufacturers also invest a lot in the design and engines of their sports cars, meaning that they typically age much better than SUVs or your everyday family hatchback.
Having said the above, I ended up buying a new SUV, because there were no KM0 options for that particular model, even after waiting for several months. In the end, it’s about buying a car that makes you happy every time you drive, and that feeling is priceless.
What do you think about buying a new or used car?